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《跟单信用证统一惯例》(UCP600)中英文对照版
2099-12-27 22:22:46
《跟单信用证统一惯例》(UCP600)中英文对照版
Article 1 Application of UCP
第一条统一惯例的适用范围
The Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits, 2007 Revision, ICC Publication no. 600 (“UCP”) are rules that apply to any documentary credit (“credit”) (including, to the extent to which they may be applicable, any standby letter of credit) when the text of the credit expressly indicates that it is subject to these rules. They are binding on all parties thereto unless expressly modified or excluded by the credit.
跟单信用证统一惯例,2007年修订本,国际商会第600号出版物,适用于所有在正文中标明按本惯例办理的跟单信用证(包括本惯例适用范围内的备用信用证)。除非信用证中另有规定,本惯例对一切有关当事人均具有约束力。
Article 2 Definitions
第二条定义
For the purpose of these rules:
就本惯例而言:
Advising bank means the bank that advises the credit at the request of the issuing bank.
通知行意指应开证行要求通知信用证的银行。
Applicant means the party on whose request the credit is issued.
申请人意指发出开立信用证申请的一方。
Banking day means a day on which a bank is regularly open at the place at which an act subject to these rules is to be performed.
银行日意指银行在其营业地正常营业,按照本惯例行事的行为得以在银行履行的日子。
Beneficiary means the party in whose favour a credit is issued.
受益人意指信用证中受益的一方。
Complying presentation means a presentation that is in accordance with the terms and conditions of the credit, the applicable provisions of these rules and international standard banking practice.
相符提示意指与信用证中的条款及条件、本惯例中所适用的规定及国际标准银行实务相一致的提示。
Confirmation means a definite undertaking of the confirming bank, in addition to that of the issuing bank, to honour or negotiate a complying presentation.
保兑意指保兑行在开证行之外对于相符提示做出兑付或议付的确定承诺。
Confirming bank means the bank that adds its confirmation to a credit upon the issuing bank’s authorization or request.
保兑行意指应开证行的授权或请求对信用证加具保兑的银行。
Credit means any arrangement, however named or described, that is irrevocable and thereby constitutes a definite undertaking of the issuing bank to honour a complying presentation.
信用证意指一项约定,无论其如何命名或描述,该约定不可撤销并因此构成开证行对于相符提示予以兑付的确定承诺。
Honour means:
a. to pay at sight if the credit is available by sight payment.
b. to incur a deferred payment undertaking and pay at maturity if the credit is available by deferred payment.
c. to accept a bill of exchange (“draft”) drawn by the beneficiary and pay at maturity if the credit is available by acceptance.
兑付意指:
a. 对于即期付款信用证即期付款。
b. 对于延期付款信用证发出延期付款承诺并到期付款。
c. 对于承兑信用证承兑由受益人出具的汇票并到期付款。
Issuing bank means the bank that issues a credit at the request of an applicant or on its own behalf.
开证行意指应申请人要求或代表其自身开立信用证的银行。
Negotiation means the purchase by the nominated bank of drafts (drawn on a bank other than the nominated bank) and/or documents under a complying presentation, by advancing or agreeing to advance funds to the beneficiary on or before the banking day on which reimbursement is due to(to be paid the nominated bank.
议付意指被指定银行在其应获得偿付的银行日或在此之前,通过向受益人预付或者同意向受益人预付款项的方式购买相符提示项下的汇票(汇票付款人为被指定银行以外的银行)及/或单据。
Nominated bank means the bank with which the credit is available or any bank in the case of a credit available with any bank.
被指定银行意指有权使用信用证的银行,对于可供任何银行使用的信用证而言,任何银行均为被指定银行。
Presentation means either the delivery of documents under a credit to the issuing bank or nominated bank or the documents so delivered.
提示意指信用证项下单据被提交至开证行或被指定银行,抑或按此方式提交的单据。
Presenter means a beneficiary, bank or other party that makes a presentation.
提示人意指做出提示的受益人、银行或其他一方。
Article 3 Interpretations
第三条释义
For the purpose of these rules:
就本惯例而言:
Where applicable, words in the singular include the plural and in the plural include the singular.
在适用的条款中,词汇的单复数同义。
A credit is irrevocable even if there is no indication to that effect.
信用证是不可撤销的,即使信用证中对此未作指示也是如此。
A document may be signed by handwriting, facsimile signature, perforated signature, stamp, symbol or any other mechanical or electronic method of authentication.
单据可以通过手签、签样印制、穿孔签字、盖章、符号表示的方式签署,也可以通过其它任何机械或电子证实的方法签署。
A requirement for a document to be legalized, visaed, certified or similar will be satisfied by any signature, mark, stamp or label on the document which appears to satisfy that requirement.
当信用证含有要求使单据合法、签证、证实或对单据有类似要求的条件时,这些条件可由在单据上签字、标注、盖章或标签来满足,只要单据表面已满足上述条件即可。
Branches of a bank in different countries are considered to be separate banks.
一家银行在不同国家设立的分支机构均视为另一家银行。
Terms such as "first class", "well known", "qualified", "independent", "official", "competent" or "local" used to describe the issuer of a document allow any issuer except the beneficiary to issue that document.
诸如"第一流"、"闻名"、"合格"、"独立"、"正式"、"有资格"、"当地"等用语用于描述单据出单人的身份时,单据的出单人可以是除受益人以外的任何人。
Unless required to be used in a document, words such as "prompt", "immediately" or "as soon as possible" will be disregarded.
除非确需在单据中使用,银行对诸如"迅速"、"立即"、"尽快"之类词语将不予置理。
The expression "on or about" or similar will be interpreted as a stipulation that an event is to occur during a period of five calendar days before until five calendar days after the specified date, both start and end dates included.
"于或约于"或类似措辞将被理解为一项约定,按此约定,某项事件将在所述日期前后各五天内发生,起迄日均包括在内。
The words "to", "until", "till", “from” and “between” when used to determine a period of shipment include the date or dates mentioned, and the words “before” and "after" exclude the date mentioned.
词语"×月×日止"(to)、"至×月×日"(until)、"直至×月×日"(till) 、"从×月×日"(from) 及“在X月X日至X月X日之间”(between) 用于确定装运期限时,包括所述日期。词语“X月X日之前”(before) 及“X月X日之后”(after) 不包括所述日期。
The words “from” and "after" when used to determine a maturity date exclude the date mentioned.
词语“从X月X日”(from)以及“X月X日之后”(after) 用于确定到期日时不包括所述日期。
The terms "first half" and "second half" of a month shall be construed respectively as the 1st to the 15th and the 16th to the last day of the month, all dates inclusive.
术语"上半月"和"下半月"应分别理解为自每月"1日至15日"和"16日至月末最后一天",包括起迄日期。
The terms "beginning", "middle" and "end" of a month shall be construed respectively as the 1st to the 10th, the 11th to the 20th and the 21st to the last day of the month, all dates inclusive.
术语"月初"、"月中"和"月末"应分别理解为每月1日至10日、11日至20日和21日至月末最后一天,包括起迄日期。
Article 4 Credits v. Contracts
第四条信用证与合同
a. A credit by its nature is a separate transaction from the sale or other contract on which it may be based. Banks are in no way concerned with or bound by such contract, even if any reference whatsoever to it is included in the credit. Consequently, the undertaking of a bank to honour, to negotiate or to fulfil any other obligation under the credit is not subject to claims or defences by the applicant resulting from its relationships with the issuing bank or the beneficiary.
A beneficiary can in no case avail itself of the contractual relationships existing between banks or between the applicant and the issuing bank.
a. 就性质而言,信用证与可能作为其依据的销售合同或其它合同,是相互独立的交易。即使信用证中提及该合同,银行亦与该合同完全无关,且不受其约束。因此,一家银行作出兑付、议付或履行信用证项下其它义务的承诺,并不受申请人与开证行之间或与受益人之间在已有关系下产生的索偿或抗辩的制约。
受益人在任何情况下,不得利用银行之间或申请人与开证行之间的契约关系。
b. An issuing bank should discourage any attempt by the applicant to include, as an integral part of the credit, copies of the underlying contract, proforma invoice and the like.
b. 开证行应劝阻申请人将基础合同、形式发票或其它类似文件的副本作为信用证整体组成部分的作法。
Article 5 Documents v. Goods, Services or Performance
第五条单据与货物/服务/行为  
Banks deal with documents and not with goods, services or performance to which the documents may relate .
银行处理的是单据,而不是单据所涉及的货物、服务或其它行为。
Article 6 Availability, Expiry Date and Place for Presentation
第六条有效性、有效期限及提示地点
a. A credit must state the bank with which it is available or whether it is available with any bank. A credit available with a nominated bank is also available with the issuing bank.
a. 信用证必须规定可以有效使用信用证的银行,或者信用证是否对任何银行均为有效。对于被指定银行有效的信用证同样也对开证行有效。
b. A credit must state whether it is available by sight payment, deferred payment, acceptance or negotiation.
b. 信用证必须规定它是否适用于即期付款、延期付款、承兑抑或议付。
c. A credit must not be issued available by a draft drawn on the applicant.
c.不得开立包含有以申请人为汇票付款人条款的信用证。
d. i. A credit must state an expiry date for presentation. An expiry date stated for honour or negotiation will be deemed to be an expiry date for presentation.
d. i 信用证必须规定提示单据的有效期限。规定的用于兑付或者议付的有效期限将被认为是提示单据的有效期限。
ii. The place of the bank with which the credit is available is the place for presentation. The place for presentation under a credit available with any bank is that of any bank. A place for presentation other than that of the issuing bank is in addition to the place of the issuing bank.
ii. 可以有效使用信用证的银行所在的地点是提示单据的地点。对任何银行均为有效的信用证项下单据提示的地点是任何银行所在的地点。不同于开证行地点的提示单据的地点是开证行地点之外提交单据的地点。
e. Except as provided in sub-article 29 (a), a presentation by or on behalf of the beneficiary must be made on or before the expiry date.
e. 除非如29(a)中规定,由受益人或代表受益人提示的单据必须在到期日当日或在此之前提交。
Article 7 Issuing Bank Undertaking
第七条开证行的承诺
a. Provided that the stipulated documents are presented to the nominated bank or to the issuing bank and that they constitute a complying presentation, the issuing bank must honour if the credit is available by:
倘若规定的单据被提交至被指定银行或开证行并构成相符提示,开证行必须按下述信用证所适用的情形予以兑付:
i. sight payment, deferred payment or acceptance with the issuing bank;
i. 由开证行即期付款、延期付款或者承兑;
ii. sight payment with a nominated bank and that nominated bank does not pay;
ii. 由被指定银行即期付款而该被指定银行未予付款;
iii. deferred payment with a nominated bank and that nominated bank does not incur its deferred payment undertaking or, having incurred its deferred payment undertaking, does not pay at maturity;
iii. 由被指定银行延期付款而该被指定银行未承担其延期付款承诺,或者虽已承担延期付款承诺但到期未予付款;
iv. acceptance with a nominated bank and that nominated bank does not accept a draft drawn on it or, having accepted a draft drawn on it, does not pay at maturity;
iv. 由被指定银行承兑而该被指定银行未予承兑以其为付款人的汇票,或者虽已承兑以其为付款人的汇票但到期未予付款;
v. negotiation with a nominated bank and that nominated bank does not negotiate.
v. 由被指定银行议付而该被指定银行未予议付。
b. An issuing bank is irrevocably bound to honour as of the time it issues the credit.
b. 自信用证开立之时起,开证行即不可撤销地受到兑付责任的约束。
c. An issuing bank undertakes to reimburse a nominated bank that has honoured or negotiated a complying presentation and forwarded the documents to the issuing bank. Reimbursement for the amount of a complying presentation under a credit available by acceptance or deferred payment is due at maturity, whether or not the nominated bank prepaid or purchased before maturity. An issuing bank's undertaking to reimburse a nominated bank is independent of the issuing bank’s undertaking to the beneficiary.
c. 开证行保证向对于相符提示已经予以兑付或者议付并将单据寄往开证行的被指定银行进行偿付。无论被指定银行是否于到期日前已经对相符提示予以预付或者购买,对于承兑或延期付款信用证项下相符提示的金额的偿付于到期日进行。开证行偿付被指定银行的承诺独立于开证行对于受益人的承诺。
Article 8 Confirming Bank Undertaking
第八条保兑行的承诺
a. Provided that the stipulated documents are presented to the confirming bank or to any other nominated bank and that they constitute a complying presentation, the confirming bank must:
a. 倘若规定的单据被提交至保兑行或者任何其他被指定银行并构成相符提示,保兑行必须:
i. honour, if the credit is available by:
i. 兑付,假如信用证适用于:
a. sight payment, deferred payment or acceptance with the confirming bank;
a. 由保兑行即期付款、延期付款或者承兑;
b. sight payment with another nominated bank and that nominated bank does not pay;
b. 由另一家被指定银行即期付款而该被指定银行未予付款;
c. deferred payment with another nominated bank and that nominated bank does not incur its deferred payment undertaking or, having incurred its deferred payment undertaking, does not pay at maturity;
c. 由另一家被指定银行延期付款而该被指定银行未承担其延期付款承诺,或者虽已承担延期付款承诺但到期未予付款;
d. acceptance with another nominated bank and that nominated bank does not accept a draft drawn on it or, having accepted a draft drawn on it, does not pay at maturity;
d. 由另一家被指定银行承兑而该被指定银行未予承兑以其为付款人的汇票,或者虽已承兑以其为付款人的汇票但到期未予付款;
e. negotiation with another nominated bank and that nominated bank does not negotiate.
e. 由另一家被指定银行议付而该被指定银行未予议付。
ii. negotiate, without recourse无追索权, if the credit is available by negotiation with the confirming bank.
ii. 若信用证由保兑行议付,无追索权地议付。
b. A confirming bank is irrevocably bound to honour or negotiate as of the time it adds its confirmation to the credit.
b. 自为信用证加具保兑之时起,保兑行即不可撤销地受到兑付或者议付责任的约束。
c. A confirming bank undertakes to reimburse another nominated bank that has honoured or negotiated a complying presentation and forwarded the documents to the confirming bank. Reimbursement for the amount of a complying presentation under a credit available by acceptance or deferred payment is due at maturity, whether or not another nominated bank prepaid or purchased before maturity. A confirming bank's undertaking to reimburse another nominated bank is independent of the confirming bank’s undertaking to the beneficiary.
c. 保兑行保证向对于相符提示已经予以兑付或者议付并将单据寄往开证行的另一家被指定银行进行偿付。无论另一家被指定银行是否于到期日前已经对相符提示予以预付或者购买,对于承兑或延期付款信用证项下相符提示的金额的偿付于到期日进行。保兑行偿付另一家被指定银行的承诺独立于保兑行对于受益人的承诺。
d. If a bank is authorized or requested by the issuing bank to confirm a credit but is not prepared to do so, it must inform the issuing bank without delay and may advise the credit without confirmation.
d. 如开证行授权或要求另一家银行对信用证加具保兑,而该银行不预备照办时,它必须不延误地告知开证行并仍可通知此份未经加具保兑的信用证。
Article 9 Advising of Credits and Amendments
第九条信用证及修改的通知
a. A credit and any amendment may be advised to a beneficiary through an advising bank. An advising bank that is not a confirming bank advises the credit and any amendment without any undertaking to honour or negotiate. a. 信用证及其修改可以通过通知行通知受益人。除非已对信用证加具保兑,通知行通知信用证不构成兑付或议付的承诺。
b. By advising the credit or amendment, the advising bank signifies that it has satisfied itself as to the apparent authenticity of the credit or amendment and that the advice accurately reflects the terms and conditions of the credit or amendment received.
b. 通过通知信用证或修改,通知行即表明其认为信用证或修改的表面真实性得到满足,且通知准确地反映了所收到的信用证或修改的条款及条件。
c. An advising bank may utilize the services of another bank (“second advising bank”) to advise the credit and any amendment to the beneficiary. By advising the credit or amendment, the second advising bank signifies that it has satisfied itself as to the apparent authenticity of the advice it has received and that the advice accurately reflects the terms and conditions of the credit or amendment received.
c. 通知行可以利用另一家银行的服务(“第二通知行”)向受益人通知信用证及其修改。通过通知信用证或修改,第二通知行即表明其认为所收到的通知的表面真实性得到满足,且通知准确地反映了所收到的信用证或修改的条款及条件。
d. A bank utilizing the services of an advising bank or second advising bank to advise a credit must use the same bank to advise any amendment thereto.
d. 如一家银行利用另一家通知行或第二通知行的服务将信用证通知给受益人,它也必须利用同一家银行的服务通知修改书。
e. If a bank is requested to advise a credit or amendment but elects not to do so, it must so inform, without delay, the bank from which the credit, amendment or advice has been received.
e. 假如一家银行被要求通知信用证或修改但决定不予通知,它必须不延误通知向其发送信用证、修改或通知的银行。
f. If a bank is requested to advise a credit or amendment but cannot satisfy itself as to the apparent authenticity of the credit, the amendment or the advice, it must so inform, without delay, the bank from which the instructions appear to have been received. If the advising bank or second advising bank elects nonetheless to advise the credit or amendment, it must inform the beneficiary or second advising bank that it has not been able to satisfy itself as to the apparent authenticity of the credit, the amendment or the advice.
f. 假如一家被要求通知信用证或修改,但不能确定信用证、修改或通知的表面真实性,就必须不延误地告知向其发出该指示的银行。假如通知行或第二通知行仍决定通知信用证或修改,则必须告知受益人或第二通知行其未能核实信用证、修改或通知的表面真实性。
Article 10 Amendments
第十条修改
a. Except as otherwise provided by article 38, a credit can neither be amended nor cancelled without the agreement of the issuing bank, the confirming bank, if any, and the beneficiary.
a. 除本惯例第38条另有规定外,凡未经开证行、保兑行(如有)以及受益人同意,信用证既不能修改也不能撤销。
b. An issuing bank is irrevocably bound by an amendment as of the time it issues the amendment. A confirming bank may extend its confirmation to an amendment and will be irrevocably bound as of the time it advises the amendment. A confirming bank may, however, choose to advise an amendment without extending its confirmation and, if so, it must inform the issuing bank without delay and inform the beneficiary in its advice.
b. 自发出信用证修改书之时起,开证行就不可撤销地受其发出修改的约束。保兑行可将其保兑承诺扩展至修改内容,且自其通知该修改之时起,即不可撤销地受到该修改的约束。然而,保兑行可选择仅将修改通知受益人而不对其加具保兑,但必须不延误地将此情况通知开证行和受益人。
c. The terms and conditions of the original credit (or a credit incorporating previously accepted amendments) will remain in force for the beneficiary until the beneficiary communicates its acceptance of the amendment to the bank that advised such amendment. The beneficiary should give notification of acceptance or rejection of an amendment. If the beneficiary fails to give such notification, a presentation that complies with the credit and to any not yet accepted amendment will be deemed to be notification of acceptance by the beneficiary of such amendment. As of that moment the credit will be amended.
c. 在受益人向通知修改的银行表示接受该修改内容之前,原信用证(或包含先前已被接受修改的信用证)的条款和条件对受益人仍然有效。受益人应发出接受或拒绝接受修改的通知。如受益人未提供上述通知,当其提交至被指定银行或开证行的单据与信用证以及尚未表示接受的修改的要求一致时,则该事实即视为受益人已作出接受修改的通知,并从此时起,该信用证已被修改。
d. A bank that advises an amendment should inform the bank from which it received the amendment of any notification of acceptance or rejection.
d. 通知修改的银行应当通知向其发出修改书的银行任何有关接受或拒绝接受修改的通知。
e. Partial acceptance of an amendment is not allowed and will be deemed to be notification of rejection of the amendment.
e. 不答应部分接受修改,部分接受修改将被视为拒绝接受修改的通知。
f. A provision in an amendment to the effect that the amendment shall enter into force unless rejected by the beneficiary within a certain time shall be disregarded.
f. 修改书中作出的除非受益人在某一时间内拒绝接受修改,否则修改将开始生效的条款将被不予置理。
Article 11 Teletransmitted and Pre-Advised Credits and Amendments
第十一条电讯传递与预先通知的信用证和修改
a. An authenticated teletransmission of a credit or amendment will be deemed to be the operative credit or amendment, and any subsequent mail confirmation shall be disregarded.
If a teletransmission states "full details to follow" (or words of similar effect), or states that the mail confirmation is to be the operative credit or amendment, then the teletransmission will not be deemed to be the operative credit or amendment. The issuing bank must then issue the operative credit or amendment without delay in terms not inconsistent with the teletransmission.
a. 经证实的信用证或修改的电讯文件将被视为有效的信用证或修改,任何随后的邮寄证实书将被不予置理。
若该电讯文件声明"详情后告"(或类似词语)或声明随后寄出的邮寄证实书将是有效的信用证或修改,则该电讯文件将被视为无效的信用证或修改。开证行必须随即不延误地开出有效的信用证或修改,且条款不能与与电讯文件相矛盾。
b. A preliminary advice of the issuance of a credit or amendment (“pre-advice”) shall only be sent if the issuing bank is prepared to issue the operative credit or amendment. An issuing bank that sends a pre-advice is irrevocably committed to issue the operative credit or amendment, without delay, in terms not inconsistent with the pre-advice.
b. 只有预备开立有效信用证或修改的开证行,才可以发出开立信用证或修改预先通知书。发出预先通知的开证行应不可撤销地承诺将不延误地开出有效的信用证或修改,且条款不能与预先通知书相矛盾。
Article 12 Nomination
第十二条指定
a. Unless a nominated bank is the confirming bank, an authorization to honour or negotiate does not impose any obligation on that nominated bank to honour or negotiate, except when expressly agreed to by that nominated bank and so communicated to the beneficiary.
a. 除非一家被指定银行是保兑行,对被指定银行进行兑付或议付的授权并不构成其必须兑付或议付的义务,被指定银行明确同意并照此通知受益人的情形除外。
b. By nominating a bank to accept a draft or incur a deferred payment undertaking, an issuing bank authorizes that nominated bank to prepay or purchase a draft accepted or a deferred payment undertaking incurred by that nominated bank.
b. 通过指定一家银行承兑汇票或承担延期付款承诺,开证行即授权该被指定银行预付或购买经其承兑的汇票或由其承担延期付款的承诺。
c. Receipt or examination and forwarding of documents by a nominated bank that is not a confirming bank does not make that nominated bank liable to honour or negotiate, nor does it constitute honour or negotiation.
c. 非保兑行身份的被指定银行接受、审核并寄送单据的行为既不使得该被指定银行具有兑付或议付的义务,也不构成兑付或议付。
Article 13 Bank-to-Bank Reimbursement Arrangements
第十三条银行间偿付约定
a. If a credit states that reimbursement is to be obtained by a nominated bank ("claiming bank") claiming on another party ("reimbursing bank"), the credit must state if the reimbursement is subject to the ICC rules for bank-to-bank reimbursements in effect on the date of issuance of the credit.
a. 假如信用证规定被指定银行(“索偿行”)须通过向另一方银行(“偿付行”)索偿获得偿付,则信用证中必须声明是否按照信用证开立日正在生效的国际商会《银行间偿付规则》办理。
b. If a credit does not state that reimbursement is subject to the ICC rules for bank-to-bank reimbursements, the following apply:
b. 假如信用证中未声明是否按照国际商会《银行间偿付规则》办理,则适用于下列条款:
i. An issuing bank must provide a reimbursing bank with a reimbursement authorization that conforms with the availability stated in the credit. The reimbursement authorization should not be subject to an expiry date.
i. 开证行必须向偿付行提供偿付授权书,该授权书须与信用证中声明的有效性一致。偿付授权书不应规定有效日期。
ii. A claiming bank shall not be required to supply a reimbursing bank with a certificate of compliance with the terms and conditions of the credit.
ii. 不应要求索偿行向偿付行提供证实单据与信用证条款及条件相符的证实。
iii. An issuing bank will be responsible for any loss of interest, together with any expenses incurred, if reimbursement is not provided on first demand by a reimbursing bank in accordance with the terms and conditions of the credit.
iii. 假如偿付行未能按照信用证的条款及条件在首次索偿时即行偿付,则开证行应对索偿行的利息损失以及产生的费用负责。
iv. A reimbursing bank's charges are for the account of the issuing bank. However, if the charges are for the account of the beneficiary, it is the responsibility of an issuing bank to so indicate in the credit and in the reimbursement authorization. If a reimbursing bank's charges are for the account of the beneficiary, they shall be deducted from the amount due to a claiming bank when reimbursement is made. If no reimbursement is made, the reimbursing bank's charges remain the obligation of the issuing bank.
iv. 偿付行的费用应由开证行承担。然而,假如费用系由受益人承担,则开证行有责任在信用证和偿付授权书中予以注明。如偿付行的费用系由受益人承担,则该费用应在偿付时从支付索偿行的金额中扣除。假如未发生偿付,开证行仍有义务承担偿付行的费用。
c. An issuing bank is not relieved of any of its obligations to provide reimbursement if reimbursement is not made by a reimbursing bank on first demand.
c. 假如偿付行未能于首次索偿时即行偿付,则开证行不能解除其自身的偿付责任。
Article 14 Standard for Examination of Documents
第十四条审核单据的标准
a. A nominated bank acting on its nomination, a confirming bank, if any, and the issuing bank must examine a presentation to determine, on the basis of the documents alone, whether or not the documents appear on their face to constitute a complying presentation.
a. 按照指定行事的被指定银行、保兑行(如有)以及开证行必须对提示的单据进行审核,并仅以单据为基础,以决定单据在表面上看来是否构成相符提示。
b. A nominated bank acting on its nomination, a confirming bank, if any, and the issuing bank shall each have a maximum of five banking days following the day of presentation to determine if a presentation is complying. This period is not curtailed or otherwise affected by the occurrence on or after the date of presentation of any expiry date or last day for presentation.
b. 按照指定行事的被指定银行、保兑行(如有)以及开证行,自其收到提示单据的翌日起算,应各自拥有最多不超过五个银行工作日的时间以决定提示是否相符。该期限不因单据提示日适逢信用证有效期或最迟提示期或在其之后而被缩减或受到其它影响。
c. A presentation including one or more original transport documents subject to articles 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 or 25 must be made by or on behalf of the beneficiary not later than 21 calendar days after the date of shipment as described in these rules, but in any event not later than the expiry date of the credit.
c. 提示若包含一份或多份按照本惯例第19条、20条、21条、22条、23条、24条或25条出具的正本运输单据,则必须由受益人或其代表按照相关条款在不迟于装运日后的二十一个公历日内提交,但无论如何不得迟于信用证的到期日。
d. Data in a document, when read in context with the credit, the document itself and international standard banking practice, need not be identical to, but must not conflict with, data in that document, any other stipulated document or the credit.
d. 单据中内容的描述不必与信用证、信用证对该项单据的描述以及国际标准银行实务完全一致,但不得与该项单据中的内容、其它规定的单据或信用证相冲突。
e. In documents other than the commercial invoice, the description of the goods, services or performance, if stated, may be in general terms not conflicting with their description in the credit.
e. 除商业发票外,其它单据中的货物、服务或行为描述若须规定,可使用统称,但不得与信用证规定的描述相矛盾。
f. If a credit requires presentation of a document other than a transport document, insurance document or commercial invoice, without stipulating by whom the document is to be issued or its data content, banks will accept the document as presented if its content appears to fulfil the function of the required document and otherwise complies with sub-article 14 (d).
f. 假如信用证要求提示运输单据、保险单据和商业发票以外的单据,但未规定该单据由何人出具或单据的内容。如信用证对此未做规定,只要所提交单据的内容看来满足其功能需要且其它方面与十四条(d)款相符,银行将对提示的单据予以接受。
g. A document presented but not required by the credit will be disregarded and may be returned to the presenter.
g. 提示信用证中未要求提交的单据,银行将不予置理。假如收到此类单据,可以退还提示人。
h. If a credit contains a condition without stipulating the document to indicate compliance with the condition, banks will deem such condition as not stated and will disregard it.
h. 假如信用证中包含某项条件而未规定需提交与之相符的单据,银行将认为未列明此条件,并对此不予置理。
i. A document may be dated prior to the issuance date of the credit, but must not be dated later than its date of presentation.
i. 单据的出单日期可以早于信用证开立日期,但不得迟于信用证规定的提示日期。
j. When the addresses of the beneficiary and the applicant appear in any stipulated document, they need not be the same as those stated in the credit or in any other stipulated document, but must be within the same country as the respective addresses mentioned in the credit. Contact details (telefax, telephone, email and the like) stated as part of the beneficiary’s and the applicant’s address will be disregarded. However, when the address and contact details of the applicant appear as part of the consignee or notify party details on a transport document subject to articles 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 or 25, they must be as stated in the credit.
j. 当受益人和申请人的地址显示在任何规定的单据上时,不必与信用证或其它规定单据中显示的地址相同,但必须与信用证中述及的各自地址处于同一国家内。用于联系的资料(电传、电话、电子邮箱及类似方式)如作为受益人和申请人地址的组成部分将被不予置理。然而,当申请人的地址及联系信息作为按照19条、20条、21条、22条、23条、24条或25条出具的运输单据中收货人或通知方详址的组成部分时,则必须按照信用证规定予以显示。
k. The shipper or consignor of the goods indicated on any document need not be the beneficiary of the credit.
k. 显示在任何单据中的货物的托运人或发货人不必是信用证的受益人。
l. A transport document may be issued by any party other than a carrier, owner, master or charterer provided that the transport document meets the requirements of articles 19, 20, 21, 22, 23 or 24 of these rules.
假如运输单据能够满足本惯例第19条、20条、21条、22条、23条或24条的要求,则运输单据可以由承运人、船东、船长或租船人以外的任何一方出具。
Article 15 Complying Presentation
第十五条相符提示
a. When an issuing bank determines that a presentation is complying, it must honour.
a. 当开证行确定提示相符时,就必须予以兑付。
b. When a confirming bank determines that a presentation is complying, it must honour or negotiate and forward the documents to the issuing bank.
b. 当保兑行确定提示相符时,就必须予以兑付或议付并将单据寄往开证行。
c. When a nominated bank determines that a presentation is complying and honours or negotiates, it must forward the documents to the confirming bank or issuing bank.
c. 当被指定银行确定提示相符并予以兑付或议付时,必须将单据寄往保兑行或开证行。
Article 16 Discrepant Documents, Waiver and Notice
第十六条不符单据及不符点的放弃与通知
a. When a nominated bank acting on its nomination, a confirming bank, if any, or the issuing bank determines that a presentation does not comply, it may refuse to honour or negotiate.
a. 当按照指定行事的被指定银行、保兑行(如有)或开证行确定提示不符时,可以拒绝兑付或议付。
b. When an issuing bank determines that a presentation does not comply, it may in its sole judgement approach the applicant for a waiver of the discrepancies. This does not, however, extend the period mentioned in sub-article 14 (b).
b. 当开证行确定提示不符时,可以依据其独立的判定联系申请人放弃有关不符点。然而,这并不因此延长14条(b)款中述及的期限。
c. When a nominated bank acting on its nomination, a confirming bank, if any, or the issuing bank decides to refuse to honour or negotiate, it must give a single notice to that effect to the presenter.
c. 当按照指定行事的被指定银行、保兑行(如有)或开证行决定拒绝兑付或议付时,必须一次性通知提示人。
The notice must state:
通知必须声明:
i. that the bank is refusing to honour or negotiate; and
i. 银行拒绝兑付或议付;及
ii. each discrepancy in respect of which the bank refuses to honour or negotiate; and
ii. 银行凭以拒绝兑付或议付的各个不符点;及
iii. a) that the bank is holding the documents pending further instructions from the presenter; or
iii. a) 银行持有单据等候提示人进一步指示;或
b) that the issuing bank is holding the documents until it receives a waiver from the applicant and agrees to accept it, or receives further instructions from the presenter prior to agreeing to accept a waiver; or
b) 开证行持有单据直至收到申请人通知弃权并同意接受该弃权,或在同意接受弃权前从提示人处收到进一步指示;或
c) that the bank is returning the documents; or
c) 银行退回单据;或
d) that the bank is acting in accordance with instructions previously received from the presenter.
d) 银行按照先前从提示人处收到的指示行事。
d. The notice required in sub-article 16 (c) must be given by telecommunication or, if that is not possible, by other expeditious means no later than the close of the fifth banking day following the day of presentation.
d. 第十六条(c)款中要求的通知必须以电讯方式发出,或者,假如不可能以电讯方式通知时,则以其它快捷方式通知,但不得迟于提示单据日期翌日起第五个银行工作日终了。
e. A nominated bank acting on its nomination, a confirming bank, if any, or the issuing bank may, after providing notice required by sub-article 16 (c) (iii) (a) or (b), return the documents to the presenter at any time.
e. 按照指定行事的被指定银行、保兑行(如有)或开证行可以在提供第十六条(c)款(iii)、(a)款或(b)款要求提供的通知后,于任何时间将单据退还提示人。
f. If an issuing bank or a confirming bank fails to act in accordance with the provisions of this article, it shall be precluded from claiming that the documents do not constitute a complying presentation.
f. 假如开证行或保兑行未能按照本条款的规定行事,将无权宣称单据未能构成相符提示。
g. When an issuing bank refuses to honour or a confirming bank refuses to honour or negotiate and has given notice to that effect in accordance with this article, it shall then be entitled to claim a refund, with interest, of any reimbursement made.
g. 当开证行拒绝兑付或保兑行拒绝兑付或议付,并已经按照本条款发出通知时,该银行将有权就已经履行的偿付索取退款及其利息。
Article 17 Original Documents and Copies
第十七条正本单据和副本单据
a. At least one original of each document stipulated in the credit must be presented.
a. 信用证中规定的各种单据必须至少提供一份正本。
b. A bank shall treat as an original any document bearing an apparently original signature, mark, stamp, or label of the issuer of the document, unless the document itself indicates that it is not an original.
b. 除非单据本身表明其不是正本,银行将视任何单据表面上具有单据出具人正本签字、标志、图章或标签的单据为正本单据。
c. Unless a document indicates otherwise另外的, a bank will also accept a document as original if it:
c. 除非单据另有显示,银行将接受单据作为正本单据假如该单据:
i. appears to be written, typed, perforated or stamped by the document issuer’s hand; or
i. 表面看来由单据出具人手工书写、打字、穿孔签字或盖章;或
ii. appears to be on the document issuer’s original stationery; or
ii. 表面看来使用单据出具人的正本信笺;或
iii. states that it is original, unless the statement appears not to apply to the document presented.
iii. 声明单据为正本,除非该项声明表面看来与所提示的单据不符。
d. If a credit requires presentation of copies of documents, presentation of either originals or copies is permitted.
d. 假如信用证要求提交副本单据,则提交正本单据或副本单据均可。
e. If a credit requires presentation of multiple documents by using terms such as "in duplicate", "in two fold" or "in two copies", this will be satisfied by the presentation of at least one original and the remaining number in copies, except when the document itself indicates otherwise.
e. 假如信用证使用诸如“一式两份”、“两张”、“两份”等术语要求提交多份单据,则可以提交至少一份正本,其余份数以副本来满足。但单据本身另有相反指示者除外。
Article 18 Commercial Invoice
第十八条商业发票
a. A commercial invoice:
a. 商业发票:
i. must appear to have been issued by the beneficiary (except as provided in article 38);
i. 必须在表面上看来系由受益人出具(第三十八条另有规定者除外);
ii. must be made out in the name of the applicant (except as provided in sub-article 38 (g));
ii. 必须做成以申请人的名称为抬头(第三十八条(g)款另有规定者除外)
iii. must be made out in the same currency as the credit; and
iii. 必须将发票币别作成与信用证相同币种。
iv. need not be signed.
iv. 无须签字。
b. A nominated bank acting on its nomination, a confirming bank, if any, or the issuing bank may accept a commercial invoice issued for an amount in excess of the amount permitted by the credit, and its decision will be binding upon all parties, provided the bank in question has not honoured or negotiated for an amount in excess of that permitted by the credit.
b. 按照指定行事的被指定银行、保兑行(如有)或开证行可以接受金额超过信用证所答应金额的商业发票,倘若有关银行已兑付或已议付的金额没有超过信用证所答应的金额,则该银行的决定对各有关方均具有约束力。
c. The description of the goods, services or performance in a commercial invoice must correspond with that appearing in the credit.
c. 商业发票中货物、服务或行为的描述必须与信用证中显示的内容相符。
Article 19 Transport Document Covering at Least Two Different Modes of Transport
第十九条至少包括两种不同运输方式的运输单据
a. A transport document covering at least two different modes of transport (multimodal or combined transport document), however named, must appear to:
a. 至少包括两种不同运输方式的运输单据(即多式运输单据或联合运输单据),不论其称谓如何,必须在表明上看来:
i. indicate the name of the carrier and be signed by:
i. 显示承运人名称并由下列人员签署:
• the carrier or a named agent for or on behalf of the carrier, or
? 承运人或承运人的具名代理或代表,或
• the master or a named agent for or on behalf of the master.
? 船长或船长的具名代理或代表。
Any signature by the carrier, master or agent must be identified as that of the carrier, master or agent.
承运人、船长或代理的任何签字必须分别表明承运人、船长或代理的身份。
Any signature by an agent must indicate whether the agent has signed for or on behalf of the carrier or for or on behalf of the master.
代理的签字必须显示其是否作为承运人或船长的代理或代表签署提单。
ii. indicate that the goods have been dispatched, taken in charge or shipped on board at the place stated in the credit, by:
ii. 通过下述方式表明货物已在信用证规定的地点发运、接受监管或装载
• pre-printed wording, or
预先印就的措词,或
• a stamp or notation indicating the date on which the goods have been dispatched, taken in charge or shipped on board.
注明货物已发运、接受监管或装载日期的图章或批注。
The date of issuance of the transport document will be deemed to be the date of dispatch, taking in charge or shipped on board, and the date of shipment. However, if the transport document indicates, by stamp or notation, a date of dispatch, taking in charge or shipped on board, this date will be deemed to be the date of shipment.
运输单据的出具日期将被视为发运、接受监管或装载以及装运日期。然而,假如运输单据以盖章或批注方式标明发运、接受监管或装载日期,则此日期将被视为装运日期。
iii. indicate the place of dispatch, taking in charge or shipment and the place of final destination stated in the credit, even if:
iii. 显示信用证中规定的发运、接受监管或装载地点以及最终目的地的地点,即使:
a. the transport document states, in addition, a different place of dispatch, taking in charge or shipment or place of final destination, or
a. 运输单据另外显示了不同的发运、接受监管或装载地点或最终目的地的地点,或
b. the transport document contains the indication "intended" or similar qualification in relation to the vessel, port of loading or port of discharge.
b. 运输单据包含“预期”或类似限定有关船只、装货港或卸货港的指示。
iv. be the sole original transport document or, if issued in more than one original, be the full set as indicated on the transport document.
iv. 系仅有的一份正本运输单据,或者,假如出具了多份正本运输单据,应是运输单据中显示的全套正本份数。
v. contain terms and conditions of carriage or make reference to another source containing the terms and conditions of carriage (short form or blank back transport document). Contents of terms and conditions of carriage will not be examined.
v. 包含承运条件须参阅包含承运条件条款及条件的某一出处(简式或背面空白的运输单据)者,银行对此类承运条件的条款及条件内容不予审核。
vi. contain no indication that it is subject to a charter party.
vi. 未注明运输单据受租船合约约束。
b. For the purpose of this article, transhipment means unloading from one means of conveyance and reloading to another means of conveyance (whether or not in different modes of transport) during the carriage from the place of dispatch, taking in charge or shipment to the place of final destination stated in the credit.
b. 就本条款而言,转运意指货物在信用证中规定的发运、接受监管或装载地点到最终目的地的运输过程中,从一个运输工具卸下并重新装载到另一个运输工具上(无论是否为不同运输方式)的运输。
c. i. A transport document may indicate that the goods will or may be transhipped provided that the entire carriage is covered by one and the same transport document.
c. i. 只要同一运输单据包括运输全程,则运输单据可以注明货物将被转运或可被转运。.
ii. A transport document indicating that transhipment will or may take place is acceptable, even if the credit prohibits transhipment.
ii. 即使信用证禁止转运,银行也将接受注明转运将发生或可能发生的运输单据。
Article 20 Bill of Lading
第二十条提单
a. A bill of lading, however named, must appear to:
a. 无论其称谓如何,提单必须表面上看来:
i. indicate the name of the carrier and be signed by:
i. 显示承运人名称并由下列人员签署:
• the carrier or a named agent for or on behalf of the carrier, or
?承运人或承运人的具名代理或代表,或
• the master or a named agent for or on behalf of the master.
?船长或船长的具名代理或代表。
Any signature by the carrier, master or agent must be identified as that of the carrier, master or agent.
承运人、船长或代理的任何签字必须分别表明其承运人、船长或代理的身份。
Any signature by an agent must indicate whether the agent has signed for or on behalf of the carrier or for or on behalf of the master.
代理的签字必须显示其是否作为承运人或船长的代理或代表签署提单。
ii. indicate that the goods have been shipped on board a named vessel at the port of loading stated in the credit by:
ii. 通过下述方式表明货物已在信用证规定的装运港装载上具名船只:
• pre-printed wording, or
预先印就的措词,或
• an on board notation indicating the date on which the goods have been shipped on board.
注明货物已装船日期的装船批注。
The date of issuance of the bill of lading will be deemed to be the date of shipment unless the bill of lading contains an on board notation indicating the date of shipment, in which case the date stated in the on board notation will be deemed to be the date of shipment.
提单的出具日期将被视为装运日期,除非提单包含注明装运日期的装船批注,在此情况下,装船批注中显示的日期将被视为装运日期。
If the bill of lading contains the indication "intended vessel" or similar qualification in relation to the name of the vessel, an on board notation indicating the date of shipment and the name of the actual vessel is required.
假如提单包含"预期船"字样或类似有关限定船只的词语时,装上具名船只必须由注明装运日期以及实际装运船只名称的装船批注来证实。
iii. indicate shipment from the port of loading to the port of discharge stated in the credit.
iii. 注明装运从信用证中规定的装货港至卸货港。
If the bill of lading does not indicate the port of loading stated in the credit as the port of loading, or if it contains the indication “intended” or similar qualification in relation to the port of loading, an on board notation indicating the port of loading as stated in the credit, the date of shipment and the name of the vessel is required. This provision applies even when loading on board or shipment on a named vessel is indicated by pre-printed wording on the bill of lading.
假如提单未注明以信用证中规定的装货港作为装货港,或包含“预期”或类似有关限定装货港的标注者,则需要提供注明信用证中规定的装货港、装运日期以及船名的装船批注。即使提单上已注明印就的“已装船”或“已装具名船只”措词,本规定仍然适用。
iv. be the sole original bill of lading or, if issued in more than one original, be the full set as indicated on the bill of lading.
iv. 系仅有的一份正本提单,或者,假如出具了多份正本,应是提单中显示的全套正本份数。
iv. contain terms and conditions of carriage or make reference to another source containing the terms and conditions of carriage (short form or blank back bill of lading). Contents of terms and conditions of carriage will not be examined.
Iv. 包含承运条件须参阅包含承运条件条款及条件的某一出处(简式或背面空白的提单)者,银行对此类承运条件的条款及条件内容不予审核。
vi. contain no indication that it is subject to a charter party.
vi. 未注明运输单据受租船合约约束。
b. For the purpose of this article, transhipment means unloading from one vessel and reloading to another vessel during the carriage from the port of loading to the port of discharge stated in the credit.
b. 就本条款而言,转运意指在信用证规定的装货港到卸货港之间的海运过程中,将货物由一艘船卸下再装上另一艘船的运输。
c. i. A bill of lading may indicate that the goods will or may be transhipped provided that the entire carriage is covered by one and the same bill of lading.
c. i. 只要同一提单包括运输全程,则提单可以注明货物将被转运或可被转运。
ii. A bill of lading indicating that transhipment will or may take place is acceptable, even if the credit prohibits transhipment, if the goods have been shipped in a container, trailer or LASH barge as evidenced by the bill of lading.
ii. 银行可以接受注明将要发生或可能发生转运的提单。即使信用证禁止转运,只要提单上证实有关货物已由集装箱、拖车或子母船运输,银行仍可接受注明将要发生或可能发生转运的提单。
d. Clauses in a bill of lading stating that the carrier reserves the right to tranship will be disregarded.
d. 对于提单中包含的声明承运人保留转运权利的条款,银行将不予置理。
Article 21 Non-Negotiable Sea Waybill
第二十一条非转让海运单
a. A non-negotiable sea waybill, however named, must appear to:
a. 无论其称谓如何,非转让海运单必须表面上看来:
i. indicate the name of the carrier and be signed by:
i. 显示承运人名称并由下列人员签署:
• the carrier or a named agent for or on behalf of the carrier, or
承运人或承运人的具名代理或代表,或
• the master or a named agent for or on behalf of the master.
船长或船长的具名代理或代表。
Any signature by the carrier, master or agent must be identified as that of the carrier, master or agent.
承运人、船长或代理的任何签字必须分别表明其承运人、船长或代理的身份。
Any signature by an agent must indicate whether the agent has signed for or on behalf of the carrier or for or on behalf of the master.
代理的签字必须显示其是否作为承运人或船长的代理或代表签署提单。
ii. indicate that the goods have been shipped on board a named vessel at the port of loading stated in the credit by:
ii. 通过下述方式表明货物已在信用证规定的装运港装载上具名船只:
• pre-printed wording, or
预先印就的措词,或
• an on board notation indicating the date on which the goods have been shipped on board.
注明货物已装船日期的装船批注。
The date of issuance of the non-negotiable sea waybill will be deemed to be the date of shipment unless the non-negotiable sea waybill contains an on board notation indicating the date of shipment, in which case the date stated in the on board notation will be deemed to be the date of shipment.
非转让海运单的出具日期将被视为装运日期,除非非转让海运单包含注明装运日期的装船批注,在此情况下,装船批注中显示的日期将被视为装运日期。
If the non-negotiable sea waybill contains the indication "intended vessel" or similar qualification in relation to the name of the vessel, an on, ,
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